**The Mechanical Universe Program Descriptions**

Entire Series: 52 half-hour programs Part I or Part II: 26 half-hour programs

PART I

1:** Introduction to the Mechanical Universe** Preview introduces revolutionary
ideas and heroes from Copernicus to Newton and links the physics of the heavens
and the earth.

2: **The Law of Falling Bodies** Galileo's imaginative experiments proved
that all bodies fall with the same constant acceleration.

3: **Derivatives** The function of mathematics in physical science and the
derivative as a practical tool.

4: **Inertia** Galileo risks his favored status to answer the questions
of the universe with his law of inertia.

5: **Vectors **Physics must explain not only why and how much, but also
where and which way.

6: **Newton's Laws** Newton lays down the laws of force, mass, and acceleration.

7: **Integration** Newton and Leibniz arrive at the conclusion that differentiation
and integration are inverse processes.

8: **The Apple and the Moon** The first real steps toward space travel are
made as Newton discovers that gravity describes the force between any two particles
in the universe.

9: **Moving in Circles **A look at the Platonic theory of uniform circular
motion.

10: **Fundamental Forces** All physical phenomena of nature are explained
by four forces: two nuclear forces, gravity, and electricity.

11:** Gravity, Electricity, Magnetism **Shedding light on the mathematical
form of the gravitational, electric, and magnetic forces.

12: **The Millikan Experiment **A dramatic re-creation of Millikan's classic
oil-drop experiment to determine the charge of a single electron.

13: **Conservation of Energy** According to one of the major laws of physics,
energy is neither created nor destroyed.

14: **Potential Energy** Potential energy provides a powerful model for
understanding why the world has worked the same way since the beginning of time.

15: **Conservation of Momentum** What keeps the universe ticking away until
the end of time?

16: **Harmonic Motion** The music and mathematics of periodic motion.

17: **Resonance **Why a swaying bridge collapses with a high wind, and
why a wine glass shatters with a high octave.

18: **Waves **With an analysis of simple harmonic motion and a stroke of
genius, Newton extended mechanics to the propagation of sound.

19:** Angular Momentum** An old momentum with a new twist.

20: **Torques and Gyroscopes** From spinning tops to the precession of the
equinoxes.

21: **Kepler's Three Laws **The discovery of elliptical orbits helps describe
the motion of heavenly bodies with unprecedented accuracy.

22: **The Kepler Problem **The deduction of Kepler's laws from Newton's
universal law of gravitation is one of the crowning achievements of Western
thought.

23: **Energy and Eccentricity** The precise orbit of a heavenly body--a
planet, asteroid, or comet--is fixed by the laws of conservation of energy and
angular momentum.

24:** Navigating in Space** Voyages to other planets use the same laws
that guide planets around the solar system.

25: **Kepler to Einstein** From Kepler's laws and the theory of tides,
to Einstein's general theory of relativity, into black holes, and beyond.

26: **Harmony of the Spheres **A last lingering look back at mechanics
to see new connections between old discoveries.

PART II

27: **Beyond the Mechanical Universe** The world of electricity and magnetism,
and twentieth-century discoveries of relativity and quantum mechanics.

28:** Static Electricity** Eighteenth-century electricians knew how to spark
the interest of an audience with the principles of static electricity.

29:**The Electric Field **Faraday's vision of lines of constant force in
space laid the foundation for the modern force field theory.

30: **Potential and Capacitance** Franklin proposes a successful theory
of the Leyden jar and invents the parallel plate capacitor.

31: **Voltage, Energy, and Force** When is electricity dangerous or benign,
spectacular or useful?

32: **The Electric Battery** Volta invents the electric battery using the
internal properties of different metals.

33:** Electric Circuits** The work of Wheatstone, Ohm, and Kirchhoff leads
to the design and analysis of how current flows.

34: **Magnetism** Gilbert discovered that the earth behaves like a giant
magnet. Modern scientists have learned even more.

35: **The Magnetic Field** The law of Biot and Sarvart, the force between
electric currents, and Ampere's law.

36: **Vector Fields **and Hydrodynamics Force fields have definite properties
of their own suitable for scientific study.

37: **Electromagnetic Induction** The discovery of electromagnetic induction
in 1831 creates an important technological breakthrough in the generation of
electric power.

38: **Alternating Current** Electromagnetic induction makes it easy to generate
alternating current while transformers make it practical to distribute it over
long distances.

39:** Maxwell's Equations** Maxwell discovers that displacement current
produces electromagnetic waves or light.

40: **Optics **Many properties of light are properties of waves, including
reflection, refraction, and diffraction.

41: **The Michelson-Morley **Experiment In 1887, an exquisitely designed
measurement of the earth's motion through the aether results in the most brilliant
failure in scientific history.

42: **The Lorentz Transformation** If the speed of light is to be the same
for all observers, then the length of a meter stick, or the rate of a ticking
clock, depends on who measures it.

43: **Velocity and Time** Einstein is motivated to perfect the central
ideas of physics, resulting in a new understanding of the meaning of space and
time.

44: **Mass, Momentum, Energy** The new meaning of space and time make it
necessary to formulate a new mechanics, therefore E = mc squared.

45: **Temperature and Gas Laws** Hot discoveries about the behavior of
gases make the connection between temperature and heat.

46: **Engine of Nature** The Carnot engine, part one, beginning with simple
steam engines.

47: **Entropy** The Carnot engine, part two, with profound implications
for the behavior of matter and the flow of time through the universe.

48: **Low Temperatures** With the quest for low temperatures came the discovery
that all elements can exist in each of the basic states of matter.

49: **The Atom **A history of the atom, from the ancient Greeks to the
early twentieth century, and a new challenge for the world of physics.

50: **Particles and Waves** Evidence that light can sometimes act like a
particle leads to quantum mechanics, the new physics.

51: **From Atoms to Quarks** Electron waves attracted to the nucleus of
an atom help account for the periodic table of the elements and ultimately lead
to the search for quarks.

52: **The Quantum Mechanical Universe** A last look at where we've been
and a peek into the future.

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